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Travel Directory / South America

South America Travel Guide

Ranking as the 4th largest continent in terms of land area and 5th in terms of population out of all continents, little do people know that South America is home to most of the world's astonishing sights which usually leave most tourists in breathless awe.

South America can be divided into four separate regions: Amazonia, The Pantanal, The Andes and Tierra del Fuego. You can choose to land in any of these 12 countries: Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, French Guiana, Falkland Islands, Guyana, Peru, Paraguay, South Georgia or Suriname, South Sandwich Islands, Uruguay or Venezuela.

The Amazonian region is around 7 million square kilometers and covers nine nations. Brazil houses more than 60% of the precious rainforest while the rest of territory is scattered amongst Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. All nations are working towards the preservation of the rich tropical forest since they are now suffering from deforestation due to rapid urbanization.

If you have read John Grisham's The Testament, you already have a brief idea of what The Pantanal is. Its name originated from the Portuguese word "Pântano" which literally means swamp or marsh. Considered as the world's largest freshwater wetland ecosystem, UNESCO declared it a World Heritage site mainly for protection of its diverse flora and fauna. Other protected areas in the region are the Pantanal Matogrossense National Park and SESC Pantanal Private Natural Heritage Reserve.

The name Andes may have been shorthand of old Spanish term "Andenes" or "Andenerías". Others argue that it might have originated from the Quechan word (Native American language) "Anti" which literally means "high crest". But regardless of its etymology, The Andes remains to be one of the longest and highest mountain range in the world and the sight is simply breathtaking. The Andean range extends to over seven countries or Andean states namely Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. Ski centers in Andean states offers accommodation during winter months for those who wishes to enjoy the Alps.

Tierra Del Fuego is an archipelago which literally means 'land of fire' in Spanish. The eastern part (Tierra Del Fuego Province) including Rio Grande and Ushuaia belongs to Argentina while the western part (Magallanes Province) including the main towns of Porvenir and Puerto Williams belongs to Chile. To get there, you can either get a flight from Buenos Aires and land at Ushuaia and Rio Grande or you can come from Punta Arenas and arrive at Chilean territories. The National Park, which is one of the major attractions, is usually accessed from the Argentinian side. Other places worth visiting in the area are the beaver dam (Castorera) which is a 400m walk in a series of ponds created by the beavers and The Lookout which is a walk through lenga forest for an overlooking view of Lapataia Bay.

To cap off a memorable trip in this charming peninsula, it is most worthy to visit archeological man-made wonders that will gain your absolute admiration and deeper respect for ancient civilization. These includes Macchu Picchu and other Inca cities in Peru, Moais in Easter Island, the oldest rock paintings in Americas at Serra de Capivara in the Northeast region of Brazil and of course, the outstanding modern and European architecture which can be seen in Brasilia and Buenos Aires, respectively.

     Categories

Argentina

Bolivia

Brazil

Chile

Colombia

Ecuador

Guyana

Paraguay

Peru

Suriname

Uruguay

Venezuela